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Germany visa
Germany Visa

Germany is the second most preferred immigration destination in the world and the fact that over 1 in every 8 persons in its population is an immigrant is enough to prove this.

Officially known as the Federal Republic of Germany, this country has the highest population among all other countries and territories in the European Union (EU).

It is the world’s 4th largest economy in terms of Nominal GDP and the 3rd largest exporter and importer of goods.

Having a long and interesting history and rich culture, Germany is the well-developed nation and leads the world in many fields such as education, technology, health careetc. The standard of living of the inhabitants of this country is pretty high.

With the temperate seasonal climate, unique wildlife and natural beauty, it attracts thousands of tourists every year.

German Visa

As Germany is a part of the Schengen Area and the Schengen agreement, the citizens, residents and tourists of this country can freely enter other member countries of the area and stay for up to 90 days in any 180-day period.

Germany Visa Exemptions

1. Citizens of EU, EEA, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland can enter and stay in Germany and can also get engaged in any kind of employment without a visa or residence permit. However, there are exceptions in the case of Croatia.

2. Nationals of Australia, Japan, Canada, New Zealand, the Republic of Korea and the USA coming to Germany for the purpose of employment can enter visa-free and then apply for a residence permit.

3. Citizens of other member countries in the Schengen Area can enter Germany without a visa and stay for up to 90 days in any 180-day period.

4. Nationals of certain other countries are also exempted from visa requirements due to the mutual agreement signed between those countries and Germany, provided they fulfill some criteria and conditions.

Germany Visa Requirements

All foreign nationals who do not fall under any of the above mentioned categories have to obtain a visa in order to enter Germany.

Visa Types

The government of Germany issues several types of visas depending on your purpose and duration of stay.

They are mentioned as below:

1. Airport Transit Visa:If you belong to the country, the nationals of which require transit visa to transit through Germany, you have to apply for one, if you want to transit.

But you must remain only within an international zone of the airport and the maximum period for which you can stay over there is 12 hours.

However, to transit via the airports of Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Hamburg and Munich, you do not require a transit visa.

2. Short-Stay Visa/Schengen Visa:This visa is suitable for the individuals who want to visit Germany for the purposes of –

1) Tourism

2) Meeting family and friends

3) Attending conference, seminar, exhibition etc.

This visa allows you to stay for up to 90 days in any 180-day period. And you can also visit other member countries of the Schengen area. But the total stay period should not exceed 90 days. The validity of this visa is marked on the visa sticker.

3. Long-Stay Visa: This visa is suitable for the individuals who want to visit Germany for the purposes of –

1) Study

2) Employment

3) Business

4) Investment

5) Family Reunification

This visa allowsyou to stay for longer than 90 days in the Germany. Also, you can visit other member countries of the Schengen area for up to 90 days in any 180-day period.

Visas can also be classified as follows:

1) Tourist Visa

2) Student Visa

3) Business Visa

4) Job seeker’s Visa

5) Work Visa

6) Family reunification Visa

Residence Permit

This is necessary to be obtained in order to stay in Germany for more than 90 days. There are different types of residence permits depending on the purpose of your stay. They are shown as below:

1) Undergraduate studies/doctorate

2) Job seeker

3) Blue Card – For taking up employment

4) Vocational Training

5) Post qualification/recognition

6) Internship

7) Research

8) Family reunification

9) Self-employment

How to applyGermany Visa?
1. Visa

You can apply at the German Embassy, Consulate or Diplomatic Mission in the country of your residence.

If you are applying for the first time, you must visit the embassy or relevant office in person. If you are not applying for the first time, you can send the application through authorised travel agents.

You need to first take the appointment and then visit the embassy on the scheduled appointment date to submit your visa application. Your information is then entered into the online system and the printout of the application is given to you. Your fingerprints are collected at the embassy.

Documents

1) Visa application form

2) Passport which must have been issued within the last 10 years and should remain valid for at least 3 months after the projected date of departure from Germany.

3) Passport size photo

4) Proof of residence in your current country

5) Proof stating the purpose and conditions of visit

6) Proof of accommodation

7) Proof of financial sufficiency for sustaining in the country as well as returning to the home country (in the form of return-trip ticket or funds to buy a one)

8) Travel medical insurance covering expenses up to at least €30,000

9) Medical certificate

10) Police clearance certificate

Additional documents are also required which vary for all visa types, some of which are mentioned as below:

1) Proof of hotel bookings and travel itinerary

2) Onward air ticket (confirmed) (For Transit Visa)

3) Proof of enrollment in educational institution

4) Employment contract

5) Proof showing permission for research

6) Copy of business license

7) Invitation from company or the organizer of seminar, conference etc. depending on the purpose of your visit.

8) Letter of sponsorship

9) Bank statement for the latest 6 months

10) Marriage certificate

2. Residence Permit

You need to apply for “residence permit”or “residence title” if you have arrived in Germany to stay for more than 90 days. You can approach local immigration authorities in this country to apply for the residence permit.

This permit incorporates the right to live, work and conducts all other activities,for which it has been granted. Hence, there is no need of a separate work permit or any other kind of special permit.

If you have come to Germany through tourist or certain other types of visitor visa and need to live for a longer duration of time, you cannot apply for the residence permit while being in the country itself. You have to return to your home country and apply for a residence permit and re-enter the country. Only in urgency or unavoidable circumstances, you can get a residence permit while living in this country itself.

Visa Approval

It takes between 2 and 10 working days to get the Short-Stay visa approved. However, you must apply at least 3 weeks before the intended date of travel to cover the contingencies of delay.

Permanent Residence

You can apply for permanent residence after living continuously for 5 years in Germany.

There are two types of permanent residence granted by the government of Germany. They are mentioned as follows:

1. Permanent EC Residence Permit: This permit allows you to stay and work anywhere in the entire European Union (EU) indefinitely. You can obtain this from Germany or any other member country of the EU. If you have been living in another country of the EU, you can apply for this permit with their government.

2. Settlement Permit:This permit allows you to stay and work only in Germany indefinitely.

These permits can also be obtained before completion of 5 years in certain exceptional cases such as highly qualified or skilled workers and professionals or businessmen with a good track record.

There are some conditions you must fulfill in order to apply for residence permit, which are shown as below:

a) Have knowledge of German legal and social systems and way of living.

b) Possess German language skills.

c) Have secure livelihood, health insurance and provision for retirement.

c) Have secure livelihood, health insurance and provision for retirement.

Citizenship

You can apply for the citizenship of this country after living over there continuously for 8 years.

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